Present Perfect Tense


ٻҷ : has/have + Ҫͧ


                        Ive finished. Hes finished.
                        Have you finished? Has he finished?
                        You havent finished. He hasnt finished.


*
                1. ʴ˵ءóзҷٴ кتѴਹҡз ѡѺ never, ever, already, just, yet, lately (, й), so far (Ѵ) now (㹢й) դҹ
                      He has just left ͡
                      Weve had a lot of fun together.               
                      ʹءʹҹѹҡ(˵ءóҹ)
                      Have you seen him lately? Һҧ
                      Ive done all my homework now. ӡúҹͧ㹢й
                      繻ʸ ¤ ѧԴ
                      They havent finished their work. ǡҷӧҹѧ
                      I havent seen his report yet? ѧ§ҹͧ
                      We have never been to Songkhla. ʧ

                2. Ѻ˵ءóʹյԹҨ֧Ѩغѹ ѡդ since, for, so far, up to now, up to the present time            
                      Bill has lived in New York since 1965. ҵ 1965
                     I have studied English for a long time. ¹ѧҹҹ(ѧ¹)
                      We have been in the room for the past few hours. ǡͧʹ2-3 ҹ (͹ѧͧ)               
                      He has worked on the problem for three hours so far. ѭ(ѧ)
                     *since + ش : since 1965, since last year, since yesterday
                      for + ǧ : for two hours, for ten days, for three years
                      She has lived in Bangkok since she was married.

                  3. Ѻ˵ءóԴ鹺ʹյҨԴա͹Ҥ
                      We have eaten in that restaurant many times.
                      I have used this razor blade only three times; it is still good.
                      Since my arrival in Bangkok, I have lived in small rooms.
                      Automobiles have constantly been improved by new inventions.

                4. 繡ʴ· ѡդ never, ever, once, twice, times
                     I have never seen him before.
                     I have been to London twice.
                     Have you ever been abroad? No, never.

                5. Ѻ˵ءó觨㹻Ѩغѹ ѡդ already, just, yet, finally, eventually, recently, lately
                    The train has just arrived.
                    I have already opened the window.

                  * Adverb Ѻ Tense : lately, several times, recently, hundred of time                    

                 *Present Perfect ҧѺ Past Simple ç Present Perfect ͡Ѵਹ áзԴ ͡§ ԴԴ (˹觤, )
                   ǹ past simple 繵ͧкҪѴਹ

                   ºº past simple Ѻ present perfect ҡ¤繤ѧ

               I. He has left. He left yesterday. / two hours ago. / at ten oclock.
                   Have you ever visited Chiang Mai?
                   Yes, I have. I visited Chiang Mai last year. (㹤ӵͺǹá have 繡Ҫ¢ͧ present perfect ǹѧ visited = past simple last year   ҡҡáз )


             II. Have you finished your homework? When did you finish your homework?
                  ( past simple Ѻ when еͧ÷Һҷ˵ءóԴ)


            III. I visited Chiang Mai in 1985 and again in 1987.
                  Ive visited Chiang Mai twice.
                  (¤á͡ҷ仪Ѵਹ ¤ѧ͡§ӹǹ駷)
          

                Ըա already
                      1. 㹻¤͡ҧѧ has have ҧ»¤
                                         I have already asked you three times.
                                         I have asked you three times already.
                     2. 㹻¤Ӷ - Ҥӵͺ yes
                                                        - ͵ͧʴҴ
                                         Have you already finished that letter?
                                         Have you finished that letter already?


                  Ըա yet
                      1. 㹻¤ӶҤӵͺ yes no ҧ yet »¤
                                         Have you finished your work yet?
                      2. 㹻¤ʸҧѧ has not (have not) ͷ»¤
                                         Have you washed you hands yet?
                                         No, I have not washed my hands yet.
                                         No, I have not washed my hands.
                      3. 㹻¤Ӷʸ ҧѧ¤ʴ֧Ҵ

                 Ըա just
                       㹻¤͡ ҧѧ has have
                                        I have just opened the door.
                             * 㹡óշ¤աҪ 2 adv.(already, just,.) ҧѧҪµá
                                       He has already been killed here.

 

                   Ըա since =
                        Ѻش鹢ͧáз ֧ ago = ..... since Ѻ present perfect 㹢з ago Ѻ past simple
                                      My family have lived here since 1999. ͺǢͧѹҵ 1999
                                      My family came here ten years ago. ͺǢͧѹҷ 10 շ
                        Since 駷繹繻¤
                                      He has been here since Saturday. (noun)
                                      He has lived here since he was young. (sentence)
                                      Since he came here , everything has changed.
                         *ever since = ........ҷ
                                     He has lived ever since he was born. ҵԴ
                         *since then =
                                     Weve never heard from him since then. Ǩҡҵ

                   Ըա for
                                   Ѻǧ (ҵ鹨áз)
                                     She has worked here for three years now.
                                     I havent seen you for the last month.
                                     I havent seen you since last month.


                   Ըա ever, never
                            ever = never = ҧѧ has have
                            ever 㹻¤Ӷҹ ǹ never 㹻¤͡ 繻ʸ
                   

                           ago = ........ ʴӹǹҷѺ͹ѧ ͺ͡شͧ (point of time)˵ءóԴʹյ ֧ѡѺ past simple
                                     He died two hours ago. ҵͧ
                                     He left not very long ago. ҹҹ
                                     How long ago did he fall asleep? Ѻ
                                     How long has he slept? Ѻҹ


¹ǧ simple past present perfect ó
(ҡCurrent English .3)
Ex: I (never be) to Ubon. -I have never been to Ubon.
I (be) there not long ago. -I was there not long ago.
1. I (study) French last term.

2. I (do) all my homework now.

3. He (not like) the programme last night.

4. We (not buy) any new magazines lately.

5. They (never see) a waterfall.

6. The director (leave) five minutes ago.

7. When you (see) him last?

8. Since when they (study) English?

9. So far everything (be) very easy.

10. I (not answer) his letter yet.

11. The police (arrest) him in the street a few days ago.

12. You (see) the other friends recently?

13. My father (go) to town. He isnt back yet.

14. How long you (live) here? Do you remember?

15. What they (say) when the boy told the truth?

ͧҧ since, for ago
1. I havent met Toma long time.
2. He has worked for the company 1990.
3. Weve been here .nine oclock.
4. He has had the same jobtwenty years.
5. We havent seen hera long time.
6. The train left a few minutes .
7. when have you waited here?
8. Ive lived here ever. I can remember.
9. He has been away ..three hours now.
10. I arrived, I havent met anyone.
11. Has anyone seen Tom .last week?
12. We were good friends but that was a long time .
13. .I last saw him, he has written a book.
14. We have never seen him again..then.
15. They have known each other everthey were small.                                                                 [ ]

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ͧӴٹФ

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1. I studied French last term.

2. I have done all my homework now.

3. He didnot like) the programme last night.

4. We have not bought any new magazines lately.

5. They have never seen a waterfall.

6. The director left five minutes ago.

7. When did you see him last?

8. Since when have they studied English?

9. So far everything has been very easy.

10. I have not answered his letter yet.

11. The police arrested him in the street a few days ago.

12. Have you seen the other friends recently?

13. My father has gone to town. He isnt back yet.

14. How long you have lived here? Do you remember?

15. What they did say when the boy told the truth?

ͧҧ since, for ago
1. I havent met Tomfora long time.
2. He has worked for the company since1990.
3. Weve been here since.nine oclock.
4. He has had the same job...for....twenty years.
5. We havent seen herfora long time.
6. The train left a few minutes ago.
7. Sincewhen have you waited here?
8. Ive lived here eversince. I can remember.
9. He has been away for..three hours now.
10. SinceI arrived, I havent met anyone.
11. Has anyone seen Tom since.last week?
12. We were good friends but that was a long time ago.
13. Since.I last saw him, he has written a book.
14. We have never seen him againsince..then.
15. They have known each other eversincethey were small.                  [ more exercise ]